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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:应小宇,韩鑫裕,皇甫凡雨,梁孝鑫,秦小颖,高婧.庭院尺寸与风环境双目标下的展览建筑布局[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2022,54(11):1.DOI:10.11918/202111096
YING Xiaoyu,HAN Xinyu,HUANGFU Fanyu,LIANG Xiaoxin,QIN Xiaoying,GAO Jing.Layout of exhibition buildings under courtyard size and wind environment[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2022,54(11):1.DOI:10.11918/202111096
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庭院尺寸与风环境双目标下的展览建筑布局
应小宇1,2,韩鑫裕1,皇甫凡雨1,梁孝鑫2,秦小颖1,高婧1
(1.浙江大学 建筑工程学院,杭州 310058;2.浙大城市学院 国土空间规划学院,杭州 310015)
摘要:
展览建筑的庭院空间承载多样功能,如室外展览、艺术集市、植物展示以及休憩娱乐等,这些活动与室外风环境息息相关。然而在现有的设计方案推敲中,庭院的大小和布局形态主要依赖建筑师的主观经验,缺少庭院设计与室外风环境的相关性思考。本文对48例国内外知名展览建筑的庭院面积进行归纳整理,通过散点曲线拟合,得到展览建筑的首层建筑面积与庭院面积的一元二次函数关系,对展览建筑在设计方案阶段有指导意义。基于此,本文提出5类典型布局模型,以夏热冬冷地区气候条件(以杭州为例)为依据进行风环境模拟,通过适宜风环境的面积占比和测点风速的稳定性来评价建筑布局对庭院风环境的影响。总结得出,U型围合(东向庭院)、分段围合(西向庭院)和分段围合(东向庭院)的适宜风环境区域占比基本稳定在99%左右,可以提供较理想的室外观展空间,其中U型围合(东向庭院)的测点方差值较小,庭院风速变化更稳定,符合室外观展的风环境需求。本研究为创作具有良好室内外布局和适宜风环境的展览建筑提供设计参考。
关键词:  夏热冬冷地区  展览类建筑  建筑布局  庭院设计  风环境
DOI:10.11918/202111096
分类号:TU242.5
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51878608)
Layout of exhibition buildings under courtyard size and wind environment
YING Xiaoyu1,2,HAN Xinyu1,HUANGFU Fanyu1,LIANG Xiaoxin2,QIN Xiaoying1,GAO Jing1
(1.College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; 2.College of Spatial Planing and Design, Zhejiang University City College, Hangzhou 310015, China)
Abstract:
The courtyard space of exhibition buildings carries multiple functions, such as outdoor exhibitions, art fairs, plant displays, and entertainment, which are closely related to the outdoor wind environment. In the deliberation of existing design schemes, the size and layout of the courtyard mainly rely on the subjective experience of the architects, lacking of relevant thinking between courtyard design and outdoor wind environment. This paper collects the courtyard area of 48 well-known exhibition buildings, obtains the quadratic function relationship between the ground floor area of the exhibition building and the courtyard area through scatter curve fitting, and proposes five typical layout models. On the basis of the climatic conditions in the hot summer and cold winter area (taking Hangzhou as an example), the influence of the outdoor wind environment was evaluated by the proportion of the suitable wind environment and the stability of the wind speed. Results show that the proportions of suitable wind environment areas for U-shaped enclosures (east-facing courtyards), segmented enclosures (west-facing courtyards), and segmented enclosures (east-facing courtyards) maintained at 99%, which can provide an ideal outdoor exhibition space. The variance of the measuring points in the U-shaped enclosure (east-facing courtyard) was small and the wind speed of the courtyard was stable, which meets the wind environment requirements of outdoor exhibitions. This research provides design reference for exhibition buildings with suitable wind environment.
Key words:  hot summer and cold winter area  exhibition buildings  architectural layout  courtyard design  wind environment

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