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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 中国材料研究学会
哈尔滨工业大学
主编 苑世剑 国际刊号ISSN 1005-0299 国内刊号CN 23-1345/TB

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引用本文:沈林,陈辉,徐力栋,车小莉.不锈钢激光-MAG复合焊接头微区性能研究[J].材料科学与工艺,2018,26(5):40-46.DOI:10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20170219.
SHEN Lin,CHEN Hui,XU Lidong,CHE Xiaoli.Micro-zone properties of laser-MAG hybrid welded stainless steel joint[J].Materials Science and Technology,2018,26(5):40-46.DOI:10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20170219.
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不锈钢激光-MAG复合焊接头微区性能研究
沈林,陈辉,徐力栋,车小莉
(西南交通大学 材料科学与工程学院,成都 610031)
摘要:
激光复合焊可用于不锈钢焊接,但激光复合焊接头热影响区小,组织变化梯度大.研究接头微区性能可以确定接头薄弱环节,为焊接接头的工艺评定和断裂分析提供理论依据.为此,本文对4 mm厚SUS301L-HT不锈钢进行激光-MAG复合焊接,采用维氏硬度、微型剪切和微拉伸等试验,研究了焊接接头焊缝、热影响区及母材的微区力学性能,并结合金相、断口扫描等分析了各微区力学性能的差异.结果表明:焊缝区域组织主要为柱状奥氏体树枝晶+少量的δ铁素体;母材的剪切强度和抗拉强度最高,分别为560和1 066 MPa,其次为复合焊接头热影响区,焊缝区域最差,接头硬度分布规律与各微区强度变化趋势一致;运用数学方法,得出了接头微拉伸强度与微型剪切强度、硬度之间关系的经验公式.接头各微区剪切断口和拉伸断口SEM分析呈现典型的韧性断裂特征.
关键词:  不锈钢  激光-MAG复合焊  微区性能  微型剪切  微拉伸
DOI:10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20170219
分类号:TG456.7
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFB1102100).
Micro-zone properties of laser-MAG hybrid welded stainless steel joint
SHEN Lin,CHEN Hui, XU Lidong, CHE Xiaoli
(College of Materials Science and Technology,Southwest Jiaotong University,Chengdu 610031,China)
Abstract:
The laser hybrid welding can be used for stainless steel welding, but the laser hybrid welded joint has a small heat affected zone and a large microstructural change gradient. The study of joint micro-area performance can determine the weak link of the joint, provide a theoretical basis for the process assessment and fracture analysis of welded joints. The laser-MAG hybrid welding was applied to weld the stainless steel with 4 mm thickness. The properties of the welded metal, heat affect zone and base metal were researched by hardness test, micro- tensile test and micro-shear test. The differences of micro-zone properties were analyzed using metallography and SEM. The results indicate that the microstructure of the welded metal is columnar austenite dendrites and small amount of δ-ferrite. The base metal had the highest shear strength of 560 MPa and tensile strength of 1 066 MPa, followed by heat-affected zone and welded metal. The hardness distribution of welded joint was consistent with the trend of micro-intensity. By mathematical method, the experienced formula of micro-tensile strength and micro-shear strength as well as micro-tensile strength and hardness were obtained respectively. It was found by analyzing shear and tensile fracture of joint, fracture morphology of the micro-zone was a dimple pattern with feature of ductile fracture.
Key words:  stainless steel  laser-MAG hybrid welding  micro-zone properties  micro-shear  micro-tensile

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