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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 中国材料研究学会
哈尔滨工业大学
主编 苑世剑 国际刊号ISSN 1005-0299 国内刊号CN 23-1345/TB

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引用本文:汪世川,陈步明,黄惠,何亚鹏,郭忠诚,秦赛娥,徐瑞东,金炳界.锌电积用钛基掺聚苯胺热解碳氮SnO2[KG-*2/3]-Sb2O3/PbO2电极[J].材料科学与工艺,2018,26(6):89-96.DOI:10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20180069.
WANG Shichuan,CHEN Buming,HUANG Hui,HE Yapeng,GUO Zhongcheng,QIN Saie,XU Ruidong,JIN Bingjie.Ti/PbO2 electrode doped with polyaniline pyrolyzed carbon-nitrogen in SnO2-Sb2O3 interlayer for zinc electrowinning[J].Materials Science and Technology,2018,26(6):89-96.DOI:10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20180069.
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锌电积用钛基掺聚苯胺热解碳氮SnO2[KG-*2/3]-Sb2O3/PbO2电极
汪世川1,陈步明1,2,黄惠1,2,何亚鹏1,2,郭忠诚1,2,秦赛娥2,徐瑞东1,金炳界1
(1.昆明理工大学 冶金与能源工程学院,昆明 650093; 2.昆明理工恒达科技股份有限公司,昆明 650106)
摘要:
为了得到成本低、电催化活性高和稳定性强的锌电积用钛基二氧化铅电极,本文以聚苯胺热解碳氮(CN)作为钛基锡锑氧化物中间层的掺杂剂,继而沉积制备得到Ti/CN-SnO2-Sb2O3/α-PbO2-ZrO2/β-PbO2-TiO2(Ti/CN-PbO2)电极. 用SEM、EDS对掺杂碳氮的锡锑氧化物层和Ti/CN-PbO2电极进行表面形貌观测和元素分析,采用循环伏安,阳极极化曲线和交流阻抗分析掺杂CN的锡锑氧化物层对Ti/CN-PbO2活性层电化学性能的影响,在30 ℃,150 g/L硫酸,50 g/L Zn2+电解液中进行电极强化寿命实验. 结果表明,在锡锑氧化物的烧结过程中掺杂一定量的聚苯胺后,能够减轻氧化物层的龟裂现象,同时使得Ti/CN-PbO2电极表现出更好的电催化活性,Ti/CN-PbO2电极的加速寿命为925 h,为未掺杂CN的Ti/SnO2-Sb2O3/α-PbO2-ZrO2/β-PbO2-TiO2(Ti/PbO2)电极的2.5倍.
关键词:  钛基  锡锑氧化物涂层  聚苯胺  二氧化铅电极  锌电积
DOI:10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20180069
分类号:TG174.4
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(9,1,1,9);高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金资助课题(20125314110011);云南省应用基础研究计划重点项目(2014FA024).
Ti/PbO2 electrode doped with polyaniline pyrolyzed carbon-nitrogen in SnO2-Sb2O3 interlayer for zinc electrowinning
WANG Shichuan1, CHEN Buming1,2, HUANG Hui1,2, HE Yapeng1,2, GUO Zhongcheng1,2, QIN Saie2, XU Ruidong1, JIN Bingjie1
(1. Faculty of Metallurgical and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China; 2. Kunming Hendera Science and Technology Co. Ltd., Kunming 650106, China)
Abstract:
In order to obtain a titanium-based lead dioxide electrode with low-cost, high electrocatalytic activity and good stability in zinc electrowinning, polyaniline pyrolytic carbon-nitrogen (CN) was wsed as a dopant for titanium-based tin-antimony oxide interlayer and the deposition of lead dioxide electrode was then conducted on the interlayer to achieve Ti/CN-SnO2-Sb2O3/α-PbO2-ZrO2/β-PbO2-TiO2 (Ti/CN-PbO2) electrode. The surface morphology and chemical element of CN doped tin-antimony oxide layer and Ti/CN-PbO2 electrode were analyzed by SEM and EDS. Electrochemical tests including cyclic voltammetry, anodic polarization curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were employed to analyze the influence of the CN dopant on the electrochemical performance of Ti/CN-PbO2. Accelerated service life test was conducted at 30 ℃, 150 g/L H2SO4,0 g/L Zn2+ for the above electrodes. The results showed that CN dopant can reduce the phenomenon of cracks in the oxide layer after doping a certain amount of polyaniline during the sintering process of tin-antimony oxide, and the Ti/CN-PbO2 electrode showed better electrocatalytic activity. The accelerated life of Ti/CN-PbO2 was 925 h, which is 2.5 times that of Ti/SnO2-Sb2O3/α-PbO2-ZrO2/β-PbO2-TiO2 (Ti/PbO2) electrode undoped with CN.
Key words:  titanium base  tin-antimony oxide coating  polyaniline  lead dioxide electrode  zinc electrowinning

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