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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:陈莉,温康鑫,杜智,鲁金凤,张爱平,任泽群,侯之琳.热解条件对秸秆热解特性及生物炭产率的影响[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2020,52(11):26.DOI:10.11918/201901100
CHEN Li,WEN Kangxin,DU Zhi,LU Jinfeng,ZHANG Aiping,REN Zequn,HOU Zhilin.Effects of pyrolysis conditions on pyrolysis characteristics and biochar yield of straw[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2020,52(11):26.DOI:10.11918/201901100
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热解条件对秸秆热解特性及生物炭产率的影响
陈莉1,2,温康鑫1,杜智1,鲁金凤1,3,4,张爱平5,任泽群1,侯之琳1
(1.南开大学 环境科学与工程学院,天津 300071; 2.运城学院 生命科学系,山西 运城 044000; 3.环境污染过程与基准教育部重点实验室(南开大学),天津 300071; 4.天津市跨介质复合污染环境 治理技术重点实验室,天津 300071; 5.中国农业科学院 农业环境与可持续发展研究所,北京 100081)
摘要:
为明确秸秆废弃物生物炭制备过程中的热解特性及其与生物炭产率之间的关联,探寻秸秆废弃物制备生物炭的最佳热解条件,以4种不同类型的秸秆废弃物为研究对象,通过热重模拟结合秸秆废弃物的组分特征,考察秸秆废弃物种类、热解终温、升温速率对秸秆废弃物热解特性及生物炭产率的影响.结果表明,4种秸秆废弃物在热解过程中其最大失重量和最大失重速率均出现在热解阶段,最大失重速率排序为:小麦秸秆>玉米秸秆>水稻秸秆>芦苇秸秆,与秸秆自身的纤维素含量相关.统计分析表明,秸秆废弃物种类、升温速率、热解终温、终温保持时间对生物炭产率均有显著影响.热解终温越高、升温速率越大、保留时间越长,生物炭产率越低.热解终温、升温速率对秸秆生物炭产率的影响规律均与热重模拟实验结果相吻合.综合热解特性、生物炭产率统计分析结果及能耗,选定生物炭的最佳制备条件为以10 ℃/min的升温速率升至500 ℃,保持30 min.
关键词:  秸秆废弃物  生物炭产率  失重速率  热解终温  升温速率
DOI:10.11918/201901100
分类号:X712
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(7,4); 天津市应用基础及前沿技术研究计划(18JCYBJC23200)
Effects of pyrolysis conditions on pyrolysis characteristics and biochar yield of straw
CHEN Li1,2,WEN Kangxin1,DU Zhi1,LU Jinfeng1,3,4,ZHANG Aiping5,REN Zequn1,HOU Zhilin1
(1.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China; 2.Life Science College, Yuncheng University, Yuncheng 044000, Shanxi, China; 3. Key Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria (Nankai University), Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300071, China; 4.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Environmental Technology for Complex Trans-Media Pollution, Tianjin 300071, China; 5.Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China)
Abstract:
To clarify the pyrolysis characteristics of straw waste and the correlation with biochar yield in the preparation of biochar, and meanwhile explore the optimal condition for biochar preparation from straw waste, four different types of straw waste were selected to investigate the effects of straw waste type, final pyrolysis temperature, and heating rate on the pyrolysis characteristics and biochar yield of straw waste by thermogravimetric simulation combined with the component characteristics analysis of straw waste. Results show that the maximum weight loss and maximum weight loss rate both appeared at pyrolysis stage, and the order of maximum weight loss rate was: wheat straw>corn straw>rice straw>reed straw, relating to the cellulose content of the four types of straw. Statistical analysis shows that straw waste type, final pyrolysis temperature, heating rate, and retention time all had significant effects on biochar yield of straw waste. The higher the final pyrolysis temperature was, the faster the heating rate and the longer the retention time were, and the lower the biochar yield was. The effects of final pyrolysis temperature and heating rate on the biochar yield of straw were consistent with the thermogravimetric simulation results. According to the pyrolysis characteristics and statistical analysis of biochar yield and energy consumption, the optimal condition of biochar preparation was: heating to 500 ℃ at a rate of 10 ℃/min and keeping for 30 min.
Key words:  straw waste  biochar yield  weight loss rate  final pyrolysis temperature  heating rate

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