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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:于泽溪,李育超,陈冠年.钠质膨润土渗透性与膨胀性及可塑性的相关性[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2020,52(11):97.DOI:10.11918/201907039
YU Zexi,LI Yuchao,CHEN Guannian.Correlation between permeability, swelling, and plasticity of sodium bentonite[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2020,52(11):97.DOI:10.11918/201907039
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钠质膨润土渗透性与膨胀性及可塑性的相关性
于泽溪1,2,李育超1,2,陈冠年1,2
(1.软弱土与环境土工教育部重点实验室(浙江大学),杭州 310058; 2.浙江大学 岩土工程研究所,杭州 310058)
摘要:
盐溶液与钠质膨润土的化学相容性研究对评估防污屏障的服役性能起到重要作用,为此,采用渗透试验、自由膨胀试验和界限含水率试验研究不同浓度的NaCl溶液和CaCl2溶液对钠质膨润土渗透性、膨胀特性、可塑性的影响规律.结果表明,随着溶液中阳离子浓度增加,钠质膨润土的渗透系数增大,膨胀指数先增长再下降,塑性指数减小;相同浓度下,钠质膨润土在NaCl溶液中的渗透系数低于在CaCl2溶液中的渗透系数,膨胀指数高于CaCl2溶液中的膨胀指数,塑性指数高于CaCl2溶液中的塑性指数;12~800 kPa的固结压力范围内,在CaCl2溶液中,渗透系数分别与膨胀指数、塑性指数具有较好的相关性;在NaCl溶液中,当溶液浓度超过临界浓度(200 mmol/L)时,渗透系数与膨胀指数、塑性指数也具有较好的相关性.因此,界限含水率测试和自由膨胀试验可作为工程中初选渗透系数的手段.
关键词:  钠质膨润土  渗透系数  膨胀指数  界限含水量  结合水
DOI:10.11918/201907039
分类号:TU47;X50
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41672284)
Correlation between permeability, swelling, and plasticity of sodium bentonite
YU Zexi1,2,LI Yuchao1,2,CHEN Guannian1,2
(1.Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geoenvironmental Engineering (Zhejiang University), Ministry of Education, Hangzhou 310058, China; 2.Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China)
Abstract:
The chemical compatibility study between salt solution and sodium bentonite plays an important role in evaluating the service performance of the antifouling barrier. Effects of different concentrations of NaCl solution and CaCl2 solution on the permeability, swelling characteristics, and plasticity of sodium bentonite were studied by hydraulic conductivity test, free swell test, and water ratio limit test. Experimental results show that as the concentration of the cations in the solution increased, the hydraulic conductivity of the sodium bentonite increased, the swell index first increased and then decreased, and the plasticity index decreased. At the same concentration, the hydraulic conductivity of the sodium bentonite in NaCl solution was lower than that in CaCl2 solution, and the swell index and plasticity index were both higher than those in CaCl2 solution. Within the consolidation pressure range of 12-800 kPa, the hydraulic conductivity had a strong correlation with the swell index and plasticity index in CaCl2 solution; in NaCl solution, when the solution concentration exceeded the critical concentration (200 mmol/L), the hydraulic conductivity also had a strong correlation with the swell index and plasticity index. Therefore, it is feasible to replace the hydraulic conductivity test with water ratio limit test and free swell test.
Key words:  sodium bentonite  hydraulic conductivity  swell index  water ratio limit  bound water

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