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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:金寿平,付跃刚,王淇.单晶锗光学表面数控高速抛光优化试验[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2019,51(7):76-81.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201812075
JIN Shouping,FU Yuegang,WANG Qi.Optimization experiment on high speed numerical control polishing of single crystal germanium[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2019,51(7):76-81.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201812075
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单晶锗光学表面数控高速抛光优化试验
金寿平1,2,付跃刚1,2,王淇3
(1. 国家科学技术奖励工作办公室 科技成果管理处,北京 100045; 2.长春理工大学 光电工程学院,长春 130022; [KH-*1]3.哈尔滨工业大学 航天学院,哈尔滨 150001)
摘要:
为研究单晶锗镜片表面光洁度无法达到要求的加工技术难题,基于数控高速抛光方法,开展了聚氨酯和沥青两种抛光模的数控高速抛光优化试验,以Preston理论为基础,通过不断优化工艺流程和参数,结合运动轨迹仿真和功率谱密度计算,对比分析了两种抛光模的加工效率和表面质量控制能力. 试验结果表明:两种抛光方式均能获得较高的面形精度,聚氨酯抛光模具有较高的加工效率,但光学表面微观形貌控制能力较差,沥青模抛光得到的表面粗糙度 RMS相比聚氨酯模提升近3 nm. 通过单晶锗光学表面数控高速抛光试验,最终优化并提出了聚氨酯初抛光与沥青精抛光相结合的方式,并进行了试验验证.
关键词:  单晶锗  数控高速抛光  表面粗糙度  面形精度  抛光效率
DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201812075
分类号:TU375
文献标识码:A
基金项目:
Optimization experiment on high speed numerical control polishing of single crystal germanium
JIN Shouping1,2,FU Yuegang1,2,WANG Qi3
(1. Administration of Science & Technology Achievements, National Office for Science & Technology Awards, Beijing 100045, China;2. School of Opto-Electronic Engineering, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022, China; 3. School of Astronautics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China)
Abstract:
To solve the technical problem that the surface finish of single crystal germanium lens cannot meet requirements, this paper carries out numerical control high-speed polishing optimization tests on polyurethane and asphalt polishing molds based on the numerical control high-speed polishing technique. According to the Preston theory, the processing efficiency and the surface quality control ability of the two polishing molds were compared and analyzed through continuous optimization of process flow and parameters with the combination of motion trajectory simulation and power spectral density calculation. Experimental results show that both of the polishing molds obtained high surface accuracies. The polyurethane mold had higher processing efficiency, but its ability to control the microstructure of the surface was poor. The surface roughness RMS of the asphalt polishing mold improved nearly 3 nm compared with that of the polyurethane polishing mold. Finally, after optimization, the combination of polyurethane initial polishing and asphalt polishing technique was proposed and verified by experiments.
Key words:  single crystal germanium  high speed numerical control polishing  surface roughness  surface accuracy  polishing efficiency

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