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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:张茂花,谢发庭,张文悦.Cl-渗透和碱集料反应作用下纳米混凝土的耐久性[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2019,51(2):166-171.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.03676234.201809130
ZHANG Maohua,XIE Fating,ZHANG Wenyue.Durability of concrete with nano-particles under the influence of both Cl- penetration and alkali aggregate reaction[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2019,51(2):166-171.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.03676234.201809130
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Cl-渗透和碱集料反应作用下纳米混凝土的耐久性
张茂花,谢发庭,张文悦
(东北林业大学 土木工程学院,哈尔滨 150040)
摘要:
海洋环境下,氯离子(Cl-)渗透和碱集料反应是影响混凝土耐久性的重要因素.为此,在普通海工混凝土中掺加适量纳米SiO2或纳米Al2O3,研究纳米混凝土在Cl-渗透和碱集料反应共同作用下的耐久性.结果表明:Cl-渗透和碱集料反应两种因素对混凝土耐久性的影响是相互促进的.不同掺量的纳米SiO2或纳米Al2O3可以不同程度地抑制混凝土的Cl-渗透和碱集料反应,提高混凝土在两种因素共同作用下的耐久性,纳米SiO2和纳米Al2O3在混凝土中的最优掺量均为2.0%.Cl-总质量分数趋于平衡时,纳米SiO2混凝土和纳米Al2O3混凝土的Cl-总质量分数分别降低18.04%和11.60%;在第39周时,纳米SiO2混凝土和纳米Al2O3混凝土的膨胀率分别降低28.75%和16.87%.纳米颗粒的加入能够改善混凝土的孔结构,提高混凝土的抗Cl-渗透性,抑制Friedels盐的产生,从而减少混凝土的膨胀;此外,纳米颗粒能够促进水泥二次水化,降低过渡区Ca(OH)2晶体的富集程度,阻碍CaCl2的络合物产生和碱集料反应所需碱环境的形成.
关键词:  纳米混凝土  氯离子渗透  碱集料反应  共同作用  耐久性
DOI:10.11918/j.issn.03676234.201809130
分类号:TU528
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家自然基金面上项目(51878130);黑龙江省博士后科研启动金项目(LBH-Q13001);中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金资助项目(2013CBQ02)
Durability of concrete with nano-particles under the influence of both Cl- penetration and alkali aggregate reaction
ZHANG Maohua,XIE Fating,ZHANG Wenyue
(School of Civil Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China)
Abstract:
In marine environment, chloride-ion (Cl-) penetration and alkali aggregate reaction are important factors affecting the durability of concrete. In this paper, an appropriate amount of nano-SiO2 or nano-Al2O3 was added to ordinary marine concrete to study the durability of concrete with nano-particles under the combined influence of Cl- penetration and alkali aggregate reaction. The experimental results showed that Cl- penetration and alkali aggregate reaction promoted the durability of the concrete mutually. Nano-SiO2 or nano-Al2O3 of different amounts could inhibit the Cl- penetration and alkali aggregate reaction of concrete to different degrees so that the durability of the concrete under the interaction of the two factors was improved. The optimum amount of nano-SiO2 and nano-Al2O3 in concrete was both 2.0%. When the total content of Cl- in concrete was basically stable, the total amount of Cl- in concrete with nano-SiO2 or nano-Al2O3 was decreased by 18.04% and 11.60%, respectively. In the 39th week, the expansion rate of concrete with nano-SiO2 or nano-Al2O3 was reduced by 28.75% and 16.87%, respectively. The addition of nano-particles could improve the pore structure of concrete, enhance the Cl- penetration resistance of concrete, inhibit the generation of Friedel’s salt, thereby mitigating the expansion of concrete. Additionally, nano-particles can promote secondary hydration of cement, reduce the aggregation degree of Ca(OH)2 crystal in the transition zone, and restrain the formation of CaCl2 complex compound and alkaline environment required for alkali aggregate reaction.
Key words:  concrete with nano-particles  chloride-ion penetration  alkali aggregate reaction  interaction  durability

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