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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:麻宏强,贺斌贤,刘叶敏,高星,兰世超,韩连福,李春娥,厚彩琴,韩喜莲.钎焊接头对铝制板翅结构热应力影响规律[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2019,51(2):172-178.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.03676234.201712040
MA Hongqiang,HE Binxian,LIU Yemin,GAO Xing,LAN Shichao,HAN Lianfu,LI Chun’e,HOU Caiqin,HAN Xilian.Influence of brazed joints on stress of plate-fin structures in LNG heat exchanger[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2019,51(2):172-178.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.03676234.201712040
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钎焊接头对铝制板翅结构热应力影响规律
麻宏强1,2,3,贺斌贤1,刘叶敏1,高星1,兰世超1,韩连福4,李春娥1,厚彩琴1,韩喜莲1
(1.兰州理工大学 土木工程学院,兰州 730050; 2.中石化中原石油工程设计有限公司,河南 濮阳 457001; 3.中原油田博士后科研工作站,河南 濮阳 457014; 4.东北石油大学 电子科学学院,黑龙江 大庆 163318)
摘要:
为保证LNG铝制板翅式换热器安全可靠运行,基于热弹性理论,建立铝制板翅结构热应力分析模型,采用热-固耦合方法,模拟研究实际运行过程中,钎焊接头对铝制板翅结构热应力的影响.结果表明,LNG铝制板翅式换热器,钎焊角曲率半径r=0.5 mm、融合距离l=0.137 5 mm时,在靠近翅片侧和隔板侧钎焊接头处最大等效应力达到峰值,并且最大正应力是引起该位置等效应力达到峰值的主要原因;钎料层等效应力、最大正应力和最大剪应力均变化平缓;在实际运行过程中,靠近翅片侧和隔板侧钎焊接头处,等效应力随钎焊角曲率半径增加而增大;减小钎焊角曲率半径,将降低钎焊接头处热应力变化梯度,从而降低其应力集中程度.靠近隔板侧钎焊接头处等效应力,随融合距离增加而减小,靠近翅片侧的反之;当钎焊角融合距离小于0.08 mm时,靠近隔板侧钎焊接头处等效应力大于靠近翅片侧的,反之靠近翅片侧的大于靠近隔板侧的.上述研究成果为大型LNG工厂用铝制板翅式换热器的设计、制造以及运行操作提供理论依据.
关键词:  LNG  板翅结构  热应力  有限元方法
DOI:10.11918/j.issn.03676234.201712040
分类号:TE88
文献标识码:A
基金项目:甘肃省自然科学基金(1606RJZA9,8RJZA109);国家自然科学基金(2,5)
Influence of brazed joints on stress of plate-fin structures in LNG heat exchanger
MA Hongqiang1,2,3,HE Binxian1,LIU Yemin1,GAO Xing1,LAN Shichao1,HAN Lianfu4,LI Chun’e1,HOU Caiqin1,HAN Xilian1
(1.School of Civil Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China; 2.Sinopec Petroleum Engineering Zhongyuan Corporation, Puyang 457001, Henan, China; 3.Postdoctoral Research Station in Zhongyuan Oilfield, Puyang 457014, Henan, China; 4.College of Electronic Science, Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing 163318, Heilongjaing, China)
Abstract:
To improve the structural safety of LNG plate-fin heat exchanger, the analysis model on stress of plate-fin structures was established based on thermal-elastic theory. The stress characteristics of plate-fin structures at different brazed joints were analyzed by thermal-stress coupling method. Results showed that the maximum equivalent stress reached the peak value at the brazed joint near fin and plate side when the curvature radius of the brazing angle was 0.5 mm and the fusion distance was 0.137 5 mm, which was mainly induced by the maximum normal stress. The equivalent stress, the maximum normal stress, and the maximum shear stress changed steadily at the brazing seam. The equivalent stress of the brazed joints near fin and plate side increased with the increment of curvature radius on brazing arc. The stress concentration at brazed joints was reduced with the decrease of the curvature radius. The equivalent stress at the brazed joints near plate side decreased when the fusion distance on brazing arc increased, while it was opposite at the brazed joints near fin side. The equivalent stress of the brazed joints near plate side was larger than that near the fin side when the fusion distance on brazing arc was less than 0.08 mm. The above research results provide theoretical basis for the design, manufacture, and operation of LNG plate-fin heat exchangers in large LNG plants.
Key words:  LNG  plate-fin structure  thermal stress  finite element method

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