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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:汪杰,李杨,宋卫东,徐文彬.不同倾角节理岩体损伤演化特征分析[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2019,51(8):143-150.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201805091
WANG Jie,LI Yang,SONG Weidong,XU Wenbin.Analysis of damage evolution characteristics of jointed rock mass with different joint dip angles[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2019,51(8):143-150.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201805091
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不同倾角节理岩体损伤演化特征分析
汪杰1,2,李杨1,2,宋卫东1,2,徐文彬1,3
(1.北京科技大学 土木与资源工程学院,北京 100083; 2.金属矿山高效开采与安全教育部重点实验室(北京科技大学), 北京 100083;3.中国矿业大学(北京) 资源与安全工程学院,北京 100083)
摘要:
为研究节理倾角对岩体损伤的影响规律,运用损伤力学理论建立考虑节理与荷载共同作用的岩体损伤演化模型及损伤本构模型;通过单弱面理论对模型试验进行验证,同时探讨节理岩体损伤演化特征.结果表明:单弱面理论结果与试验结果较为吻合,模型试验能较好地表征含单一结构面的岩体在荷载作用下的力学特征及损伤演化规律;当节理倾角从0增大到90°过程中,初始节理损伤先增后减,在倾角为60°时至最大值,总体呈倒“U”型分布规律;不同倾角节理岩体总损伤演化规律基本一致,均呈“S”型分布规律,先缓慢增加,而后快速增加,最后再缓慢增加其值趋于1;节理倾角只影响总损伤率数值大小不影响其演化规律,总损伤率随应变增加呈正态分布;总损伤率受控于节理面分布规律,当节理倾角从0增大至90°的过程中,总损伤率先减小后增大.
关键词:  节理岩体  初始节理损伤  荷载损伤  损伤演化规律  损伤本构模型
DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201805091
分类号:TU45
文献标识码:A
基金项目:金属矿山高效开采与安全教育部重点实验室开放基金(USTBMSLAB201702);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(FRF-BD-17-007A);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(FRF-TP-18-021A1)
Analysis of damage evolution characteristics of jointed rock mass with different joint dip angles
WANG Jie1,2,LI Yang1,2,SONG Weidong1,2,XU Wenbin1,3
(1.School of Civil and Resources Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China; 2.Key Laboratory of High-Efficient Mining and Safety of Metal Mines (University of Science and Technology Beijing), Ministry of Education, Beijing 100083, China; 3.College of Resources & Safety Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China)
Abstract:
To study the influence of joint dip angle on rock mass damage, the damage evolution model and damage constitutive model of jointed rock mass were built considering the combined action of joint and load based on damage mechanics theory. The model test was verified by the single weak surface theory, and the damage evolution characteristics of the jointed rock mass were investigated. Results showed that the theoretical results of single weak surface theory were in good agreement with the experimental results. The model test could better characterize the mechanical characteristics and damage evolution law of the rock mass with single structural plane under load. The initial jointed damage showed an inverted U-type distribution that it increased first and then decreased with the increase of the joint dip angle, and it reached the maximum value when the dip angle was 60°. The total damage curve showed an S-type distribution that it grew slowly first, then rapidly, and finally slowly approached 1. The joint dip angle only affected the magnitude of the total damage rate instead of its evolution trend. The total damage rate curve showed a normal distribution that it increased first and then decreased with the increase of the strain. The total damage rate was affected by the distribution of the joint plane, which decreased first and then increased when the joint dip angle increased from 0° to 90°.
Key words:  jointed rock mass  initial jointed damage  load damage  damage evolution law  damage constitutive model

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