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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:张翠娜,李玲玲.不同性别群体中户外健身空间要素的影响分析——以SEM对寒地城市哈尔滨为例[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2019,51(8):177.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201806195
ZHANG Cuina,LI Lingling.Research on the influence of outdoor leisure sport space factors on leisurely physical activity between genders: A case analysis of Harbin by SEM[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2019,51(8):177.DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201806195
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不同性别群体中户外健身空间要素的影响分析——以SEM对寒地城市哈尔滨为例
张翠娜1,3,李玲玲2
(1.哈尔滨学院 工学院,哈尔滨 150086; 2.寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室(哈尔滨工业大学),哈尔滨 150006; 3.黑龙江省寒地建筑科学研究院,哈尔滨 150080)
摘要:
为研究不同性别群体中城市户外健身空间要素对健身活动的影响关系,利用哈尔滨调研数据,建立空间要素影响健身活动的结构方程模型(SEM),并通过修正拟合得到最终模型. 最后利用SEM多群组分析将性别变量引入最终模型,得到了不同性别群体中空间要素对健身活动的影响关系及差异性. 结果表明:男性群体中,影响健身频率的空间要素有健身设施、可达性、辅助功能、景观设计和维护安全;各空间要素对健身时间影响未显著;健身设施与可达性对男性健身频率影响存在差异,健身设施影响更大. 女性群体中,影响健身频率的有健身设施、辅助功能、景观设计和维护安全;影响健身时间的有健身设施和物理环境;物理环境和健身设施对女性健身时间影响存在差异,物理环境影响更大.两群组相比较,可达性对男性健身频率影响显著,健身设施对女性健身时间影响显著,辅助功能对物理环境的影响在女性群体中影响更大. 本研究解释和分析了上述各空间要素在男女不同群体中的影响关系及差异性,并对户外健身空间设计提出建议.
关键词:  户外健身空间要素  健身活动  影响  性别  SEM  哈尔滨
DOI:10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.201806195
分类号:TU024
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51678176);黑龙江省科技攻关项目(GZ15A503);哈尔滨学院青年博士基金(HUDF2017106)
Research on the influence of outdoor leisure sport space factors on leisurely physical activity between genders: A case analysis of Harbin by SEM
ZHANG Cuina1,3,LI Lingling2
(1.School of Technology, Harbin University, Harbin 150086, China; 2.Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (Harbin Institute of Technology), Harbin 150006, China; 3.Heilongjiang Province Academy of Cold Area Build Research, Harbin 150080,China)
Abstract:
This paper analyzes the influence of urban outdoor leisure sport space (OLSS) factors on leisurely physical activities (LPA) between genders by a survey in Harbin. A model about the relationship of OLSS factors and LPA was established by the Structural Equation Model (SEM). Using simultaneous analysis of several groups of SEM, the genders as moderator variables were introduced into the model to test the influence of OLSS factors on LPA between genders and the corresponding difference. Result shows that in the male group, facilities, accessibility, amenities, aesthetics, maintenance, and safety had significant impacts on the frequency of LPA. There was no OLSS factor that affected the duration of LPA, and facilities had a significantly greater impact on frequency than accessibility. In the female group, factors that impacted frequency of LPA were identified as facilities, amenities, aesthetics, maintenance, and safety. The two factors which impacted the duration of LPA were facilities and physical environment, and physical environment had a significantly greater effect on duration than facilities. By comparing the two groups, accessibility had significant influence on the frequency of males LPA and physical environment greatly affected the duration of females LPA. Amenities had a greater impact on the physical environment in the female group. The influence and disparities of those relationships in different gender groups were analyzed and interpreted, and the suggestions for designing OLSS considering different gender characteristics were proposed.
Key words:  outdoor leisure sport space factors  leisurely physical activities  influence  gender  SEM  Harbin

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