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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:王本鑫,金爱兵,赵怡晴,王贺,刘佳伟,魏余栋,孙浩.卸围压条件下花岗岩强度特性及三维裂隙演化规律[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2020,52(11):137.DOI:10.11918/201905117
WANG Benxin,JIN Aibing,ZHAO Yiqing,WANG He,LIU Jiawei,WEI Yudong,SUN Hao.Strength characteristics and 3D fracture evolution law of granite under unloading confining pressure[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2020,52(11):137.DOI:10.11918/201905117
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卸围压条件下花岗岩强度特性及三维裂隙演化规律
王本鑫1,2,金爱兵1,2,赵怡晴1,2,王贺3,刘佳伟1,2,魏余栋1,2,孙浩1,2
(1.金属矿山高效开采与安全教育部重点实验室(北京科技大学),北京 100083; 2.北京科技大学 土木与资源工程学院,北京 100083; 3.北京矿冶科技集团有限公司,北京 102628)
摘要:
为研究卸围压条件下花岗岩强度特性和三维裂隙演化规律,对花岗岩开展了常规三轴压缩、卸围压-加轴压和分级卸围压-加轴压循环加卸载3种不同应力路径力学试验,获得对应的轴、径向应力-应变曲线;采用CT扫描三维重构技术获得岩石卸围压过程中和破坏后内部裂隙分布三维图像.结果表明:相对于常规三轴压缩试验,试件在卸荷条件下脆性破坏特征更加显著,分级卸围压-加轴压循环加卸载会增大花岗岩的峰后延性,降低破坏轴压和破坏剧烈程度;两种卸围压方案都会使花岗岩的承载能力降低30%左右;卸荷作用下花岗岩宏观破裂为拉剪组合状,拉剪过渡不明显,表观裂隙是内部裂隙向外扩展的结果;花岗岩在卸荷作用下峰前产生的裂隙量较少,大量裂隙在峰后产生,破裂具有突发性和瞬时性,围压较低时宏观裂隙首先在试件边缘产生,围压较高时宏观裂隙首先在试件中部产生.
关键词:  岩石力学  卸围压  裂隙演化  CT扫描  三维重构
DOI:10.11918/201905117
分类号:TU45
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51674015);煤炭开采水资源保护与利用国家重点实验室2017年开放基金(SHJT-17-42.1)
Strength characteristics and 3D fracture evolution law of granite under unloading confining pressure
WANG Benxin1,2,JIN Aibing1,2,ZHAO Yiqing1,2,WANG He3,LIU Jiawei1,2,WEI Yudong1,2,SUN Hao1,2
(1.Key Laboratory of Efficient Mining and Safety of Metal Mine(University of Science and Technology Beijing), Ministry of Education,Beijing 100083, China; 2.School of Civil and Resources Engineering,University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China; 3.Beijing General Research Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Technology Group, Beijing 102628, China)
Abstract:
To study the strength characteristics and 3D fracture evolution law of granite under unloading confining pressure, 3 different stress paths tests including conventional triaxial compression, unloading confining pressure-loading axial pressure, and graded unloading confining pressure-loading axial pressure cyclic loading and unloading were carried out on granite, and corresponding axial and radial stress-strain curves were obtained. Meanwhile, 3D reconstruction technique of CT scanning was used to obtain 3D images of the distribution of internal fracture during and after rock unloading confining pressure process. Results show that: 1) Compared with the conventional triaxial compression test, the brittle failure characteristics of specimens under unloading confining pressure were more obvious, and graded unloading confining pressure-loading axial pressure cyclic loading and unloading test could enlarge the post peak ductility of the granite, as well as reduce the axial compression of instability and the fierce of failure. 2) Both unloading confining pressure schemes reduced the bearing capacity of the granite by about 30%. 3) The macro-fracture of the granite under loading was a combination of tension and shear, and the transition between tension and shear was not obvious. The apparent fracture was the result of the outward expansion of the internal fracture. 4) The amount of cracks of the granite generated before the peak under unloading was small, while a large number of cracks were generated after the peak, and the fracture was sudden and transient. When the confining pressure was low, the macroscopic cracks were firstly generated at the edge of the sample, and when the confining pressure was high, the macroscopic cracks were firstly generated in the middle of the sample.
Key words:  rock mechanics  unloading confining pressure  fracture evolution  CT scanning  3D reconstruction

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