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主管单位 中华人民共和国
工业和信息化部
主办单位 哈尔滨工业大学 主编 冷劲松 国际刊号ISSN 0367-6234 国内刊号CN 23-1235/T

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引用本文:胡清波,梁海安,杨婷,程新俊,陈海康,张龙鹏.一种基于统计损伤本构关系的岩石脆性评价新方法[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2020,52(11):147.DOI:10.11918/201906094
HU Qingbo,LIANG Haian,YANG Ting,CHENG Xinjun,CHEN Haikang,ZHANG Longpeng.A new method for rock brittleness evaluation based on statistical damage constitutive relation[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2020,52(11):147.DOI:10.11918/201906094
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一种基于统计损伤本构关系的岩石脆性评价新方法
胡清波1,梁海安1,2,杨婷1,程新俊1,陈海康1,张龙鹏1
(1.东华理工大学 土木与建筑工程学院,南昌 330013;2.核资源与环境国家重点实验室(东华理工大学),南昌 330013)
摘要:
脆性评价对岩石(尤其是深部岩石)的可压裂、开挖损伤及岩爆等特性的研究具有重要意义.为此,总结国内外岩石脆性评价方法,基于现有脆性指数在定量表征岩石脆性程度中的局限性,考虑能够模拟岩石应力-应变全过程曲线的统计损伤本构模型,分析岩石的损伤演化特征,提出一种基于统计损伤本构关系的岩石脆性特征评价新方法,建立脆性指数BD定量表征岩石的脆性程度,通过模型理论论证和室内三轴压缩试验验证脆性指数的合理性.结果表明:脆性指数BD能很好地表征岩石的脆性特征,基于统计损伤本构关系的岩石脆性评价方法具有较好的适用性;通过大理岩、花岗岩以及塔木素黏土岩不同围压下的物理实验,验证脆性指数BD的正确性及相比其他方法的优越性;随着围压的增大,塔木素黏土岩表现出明显的脆性破坏向塑性破坏转变的特征.
关键词:  统计损伤理论  本构模型  损伤演化  脆性评价  黏土岩
DOI:10.11918/201906094
分类号:TU45
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家国防科技工业局项目(科工二司[2014]1587号); 国家自然科学基金(51869002)
A new method for rock brittleness evaluation based on statistical damage constitutive relation
HU Qingbo1,LIANG Haian1,2,YANG Ting1,CHENG Xinjun1,CHEN Haikang1,ZHANG Longpeng1
(1.Architectural Engineering Institute, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China; 2.State Key Laboratory for Nuclear Resources and Environment(East China University of Technology), Nanchang 330013, China)
Abstract:
Brittleness evaluation is of great significance to the study of fracturing, excavation damage, and rock burst characteristics of rocks (especially deep rocks). The rock brittleness evaluation methods at home and abroad were summarized. Based on the limitation of the existing brittleness index in quantitatively characterizing the brittleness of rock, the statistical damage constitutive model which can simulate the whole process curve of rock stress-strain was considered, and the damage evolution characteristics of rock were analyzed. A new method for evaluating the brittleness characteristics of rock based on statistical damage constitutive relation was proposed. The brittleness index BD was established to quantitatively characterize the brittleness of rock, and the rationality of the brittleness index was verified by model theory demonstration and laboratory triaxial compression test. Results show that the brittleness index BD could well characterize the brittleness of rock, and the rock brittleness evaluation method based on statistical damage constitutive relation had good applicability. The correctness of the brittle index BD and its superiority compared with other methods were verified by physical experiments of marble, granite, and Tamusu clay rocks under different confining pressures. Moreover, as confining pressure increased, Tamusu clay rocks showed obvious characteristics of transition from brittle failure to plastic failure.
Key words:  statistical damage theory  constitutive model  damage evolution  brittleness evaluation  clay rock

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